The Equity Index Annuity EIA may sound like a great way to deal with market volatility but beware. In the long run this product will cost you big. When you control one risk you may add another. Inflation risk is perhaps your worst enemy going forward. Financial institutions will promote products that deal with consumer fear rather than advising investors on what is right for them. Finally the additional fees and the foregone dividends will cost you returns in the long term.
Should you pick up the phone and say that Coach sent you? Let’s examine a few issues.What is an Indexed Annuity? Per the FINRA website, EIAs (Equity Indexed Annuities) are complex financial instruments that have characteristics of both fixed and variable annuities. Their return varies more than a fixed annuity, but not as much as a variable annuity. So EIAs give you more risk (but more potential return) than a fixed annuity but less risk (and less potential return) than a variable annuity.EIAs offer a minimum guaranteed interest rate combined with an interest rate linked to a market index. Because of the guaranteed interest rate, EIAs have less market risk than variable annuities. EIAs also have the potential to earn returns better than traditional fixed annuities when the stock market is rising.
Reuters recently ran a piece on these products. A few points raised in the article:
— Hidden fees and commissions. Commissions typically run between 5 percent and 10 percent of the contract amount, but can sometimes be more. These and other expenses are taken out of returns, so it’s hard for buyers to determine exactly how much they’re paying.
— Complex formulas and changing terms. The formulas used to determine how much annuity owners earn are so complex that even sales people have a hard time understanding them, and they can change during the life of the contract.
— Limited access to funds. Buyers who try to cash out early will incur a surrender charge that typically starts at 10 percent and decreases gradually each year until it stops after a decade or more.
–Limited upside. An annuity’s “participation rate” specifies how much of the increase in the index is counted for index-linked interest. For example, if the change in the index is 8 percent, an annuity with a 70 percent participation rate could earn 5.6 percent. However, many annuities place upside caps on the index-linked interest, which limits returns in strong bull markets. If the market rose 15 percent, for example, an annuity with a cap rate of 6 percent would only be credited with that amount.
If it sounds too good to be true it probably isn’t. In addition to the following tips the EIA does not pay you the dividends earned by the index. These funds go to the insurance company.
Please comment or call to discuss.
- Are Variable Annuities a Good Deal or a Ripoff? (forbes.com)
- Index Annuities: Beware The Greatest Investments Ever Sold (abcnews.go.com)
- Would an immediate annuity work for you? (usatoday.com)